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The guest of “Talks about women’s rights” TV program was Nina Pirumyan 21 Dec 2020

The series of the TV program “Talks about women’s rights” is devoted to the coverage of the issue of domestic violence in Armenia, the RA Law on the “Prevention of Domestic Violence, Protection of the Victims of Domestic Violence and Restoration of Solidarity in the Family”, as well measures to combat violence against women and the international documents ratified by the RA Government.

The guest of the program was Nina Pirumyan, the Head of Research and Educational Center of the Human Rights Defender of the Republic of Armenia.

Protection of women’s rights and the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women are one of the main directions of the Human Rights Defender’s work. The Human Rights Defender sometimes acts as the first state body, where the citizen applies and raises his/her problems.

The Office of Defender first hears the problem, then presents legal possibilities defined by the Law on the Prevention of Domestic Violence, competencies of relevant bodies – the Police, Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs in this regard, the role of civil society representatives in order to provide a comprehensive response to the problem in case of complaints of domestic violence. Therefore, the protection of women’s rights is carried out jointly with a number of competent bodies.

After the adoption of the RA Law on the “Prevention of Domestic Violence, Protection of the Victims of Domestic Violence and Restoration of Solidarity in the Family”, the number of calls received by the Human Rights Defender’s Office has increased, where complaints mainly refer to cases of violence committed by spouse or ex-spouse.

 ‘’If the Office of Human Rights Defender received about 50 written and oral complaints in 2018, then it reached 90 in 2019 and exceeded 100 in 2020. In particular, in March, April, and May of 2020, there was an increase in cases of domestic violence due to the restrictions based on the coronavirus in the country and the number of social problems arising from it. It should be noted that there are mostly manifestations of physical violence’’, says N. Pirumyan emphasizing the importance of the Law and the trust in the Defender’s institution.

It is worth mentioning that one of the important mechanisms aimed at preventing domestic violence is the effective protection of the law, general awareness, especially awareness of the legal regulations, training sessions for both his staff and civil society and state bodies. 

As a result of the discussion, the role of the Human Rights Defender in the field of protection of women’s rights, the mechanisms aimed at the prevention of domestic, gender-based violence, the ways of protection of a person subjected to violence were revealed.

“Women human rights defenders stepping up against gender based violence in Armenia” (2020-2022) project is implemented by the Coalition to Stop Violence against Women with the financial support of the European Union․

This publication was produced with the financial support of the European Union. Its contents are the sole responsibility of Women’s Rights Center NGO and do not necessarily reflect the views of the European Union․

 

 

 

The guest of the series of the TV program “Talks about women’s rights” was Lilit Hobosyan, the Secretary of the Committee of Guardianship and Trusteeship of Davtashen Administrative District, Head of the General Department of Staff. 11 Dec 2020

The series of the TV program “Talks about women’s rights” is devoted to the coverage of the issue of domestic violence in Armenia, the RA Law on the “Prevention of Domestic Violence, Protection of the Victims of Domestic Violence and Restoration of Solidarity in the Family”, as well measures to combat violence against women and the international documents ratified by the RA Government.

The guest of the program was Lilit Hobosyan, the Secretary of the Committee of Guardianship and Trusteeship of Davtashen Administrative District, Head of the General Department of Staff.

The family is a place, where the child’s character, behavior, thinking are developed, it is the first link of child’s socialisation. Healthy relationships in the family play a big role in the child’s future life. Even if domestic violence is not used against child, it is also essential, as the child learns what he or she sees violence gives birth to violence. It can be said that if at that moment it does not affect the minor, nevertheless it has its reflection on the child’s behavior in the future, in her social, educational field, in every sphere

The RA Law on the “Prevention of Domestic Violence, Protection of the Victims of Domestic Violence and Restoration of Solidarity in the Family” authorized the guardianship and trusteeship bodies to request a protection order from the Court, as well as to notify the law enforcement bodies about violence or real threat of violence within the family against a minor or a person ruled by the court as incapable or with limited capability.

One of the most important functions of these bodies is to arrange care for children and incapable persons who are left without care as a result of violence within the family.

 

It should be noted that guardianship is defined for up to 14 years old children who have been left without parental care, and trusteeship is defined for children over 14 years old up to 18 years old. 

 

The aim of these bodies related to the issue of child guardianship is to ensure that parents are guided not by their own interests but try to find the best option for the benefit of a child by cooperating and working with the family.

 

The work, the trainings with the relevant bodies, parents, guardians promote the effective cooperation. The trainings were organized for social workers, foster families, and parenting skills were developed which are very important for both the institution and any person related to the child.

“Women human rights defenders stepping up against gender based violence in Armenia” (2020-2022) project is implemented by the Coalition to Stop Violence against Women with the financial support of the European Union․

 

This publication was produced with the financial support of the European Union. Its contents are the sole responsibility of Women’s Rights Center NGO and do not necessarily reflect the views of the European Union․

Training on domestic violence was organized in Yerevan 21 Nov 2020

On the 21st of November, 2020 the third training on domestic violence was organized as planned. The training was in the face-to-face format. 

At first, it was talked about the organization, our history, present activities, and destinations. After that, the participants were to write their expectations from the training on the stickers. 
The trainers introduced the phenomenon of domestic violence. By asking questions and making the training more interactive, types, and causes of domestic violence were discussed. A 15-minute-lasting film shot by WRC was shown, which was followed by a coffee-break.
The second part of the training was more about the mechanisms and ways of protection in case of domestic violence according to the RA legislation and international documents ratified by Armenia. 
Based on the evaluation forms filled by the participants we concluded that most of them had not got the chance to hear about WRC. In their speech the participants highlighted the role and importance of such training, mentioning that the information given was relevant.  

The guest of the program was Zhanna Andreasyan, the Deputy Minister of Education, Science, Culture and Sports of RA. 20 Nov 2020

The actions to prevent violence should start from the upbringing of the child, from the family. Education is one of the primary links related to violence. The participants of this system should also be aware and be ready to apply to the relevant bodies when they are witnesses particularly cases of violence against children.

The adoption of the Law formed an institutional system, clearly defined the roles and commitments based on institutional responsibility, as a result of which the detection and response to the cases of violence would be under the control of other bodies together with schools. 

“Education system is one of the tools through which we can see the problems and respond at the right time, including cases of violence.

It is very important to raise public sensitivity to the types of violence that are not visible at first glance such as neglect. This has a big impact on the further growth and personal development of the child,” mentioned Andreasyan, the Deputy Minister of Education, Science, Culture and Sports of RA.

A number of actions are taken to organize the trainings for teachers and other participants of the education system, besides the mechanisms are introduced to identify the cases of violation of a child’s access to education, to implement its prevention and protection of children’s rights.

In modern times, knowledge, information can be obtained from many sources, therefore the transfer of the knowledge cannot be considered as the main role of the schools, so the primary role of the education system becomes to guide how to deal with knowledge, how to use it for the benefit of society. Under the consistent implementation of this action, there will be results in building a society free of violence.   

The economic empowerment of women is considered as one of the mechanisms of preventing domestic violence based on education. However, there are many cases when people with certain professions are also among the survivors. In this case, there are two options; it is not enough to just get an education, it must be turned from potential into a resource, and the second option is that education has not been effective, it is systemic problem.

It is worth mentioning that these problems are interconnected and the works should be done in all directions with an emphasis on knowledge.

As a result of the discussion, the issues of education, the gaps in the field, the mechanisms to increase the sensitivity toward domestic violence issue and to prevent it were identified.

“Women human rights defenders stepping up against gender based violence in Armenia” (2020-2022) project is implemented by the Coalition to Stop Violence against Women with the financial support of the European Union․

This publication was produced with the financial support of the European Union. Its contents are the sole responsibility of Women’s Rights Center NGO and do not necessarily reflect the views of the European Union․

 

 

 

 

 

Training on domestic violence was conducted in Vanadzor 14 Nov 2020

At the beginning of the training the participants were to write their expectations from the training on the stickers. After introducing the Women’s rights Center organization, the trainees Marine Yeghiazaryan and Elina Danielyan-Gyurjyan introduced the essence of domestic violence, its types, causes and consequences.  The second part of the training was devoted to the mechanisms and ways of protection in case of domestic violence according to the RA legislation and international documents ratified in Armenia. A film about domestic violence shoot by WRC was shown. At the end of the training the participants were to fill evaluation forms. Based on analysis we concluded that most of them hadn’t been well informed about domestic violence phenomenon and this training helped them to become more informed and aware and ready to apply to the relevant services in case of need.

Training on domestic violence was conducted in Gyumri 08 Nov 2020

At the beginning of the training the participants were to write their expectations from the training on the stickers. After introducing the Women’s rights Center organization, the trainees Marine Yeghiazaryan and Elina Danielyan-Gyurjyan introduced the essence of domestic violence, its types, causes and consequences.  The second part of the training was devoted to the mechanisms and ways of protection in case of domestic violence according to the RA legislation and international documents ratified in Armenia. A film about domestic violence shoot by WRC was shown. At the end of the training the participants were to fill evaluation forms. Based on analysis we concluded that most of them hadn’t been well informed about domestic violence phenomenon and this training helped them to become more informed and aware and ready to apply to the relevant services in case of need.

The guest of the program was Attorney Eliza Gyurjyan. 06 Nov 2020

The adoption of the RA Law “Prevention of Domestic Violence, Protection of the Victims of Domestic Violence and Restoration of Solidarity in the Family” created a number of protective mechanisms through which a person who has been subjected to domestic violence could be provided with appropriate assistance under the danger of real threat.

The mechanisms existing within the framework of the Law – warning, the decision for emergency intervention, protective decision – are aimed at preventing violence, protecting the survivor.  

The survivors often apply to support centers but not immediately to an attorney. It has a positive effect as the woman first receives psychological assistance, come to psychological balance, after which the legal process begins, in case of the need. The Center’s lawyers and attorneys being familiar with the case, the psychological state of the woman, work more easily with the case than specialists in the field who mainly have cases with administrative issues.

It is also important to note the cooperation of the attorney with police and other state institutions for getting the relevant documents and information.

It should be noted that in some cases the reconciliation of family becomes possible due to behavioral changes of family members through getting information on their rights and receiving appropriate support․

As a result of the discussion, the means and mechanisms that enable the effective protection of women’s rights were identified.

“Women human rights defenders stepping up against gender based violence in Armenia” (2020-2022) project is implemented by the Coalition to Stop Violence against Women with the financial support of the European Union․

 

The guest of the program was Liza Grigoryan, the judge of the Yerevan Court of General Jurisdiction of First Instance. 23 Oct 2020

Liza Grigoryan, emphasizing the international experience and history, finds that it is relevant to prevent the problem right at the very beginning, taking into consideration the importance of the role of the psychologists, social workers, who should work with both survivors of domestic violence and perpetrators. “A punishment is necessary for creating justice or stopping the violence but it doesn’t solve the issue”, she says. Punishment is not excluded, but in order to reach the final result, other joint mechanisms should also be implemented.

All the functions assigned to the court within the Law and the resolution of the problems by the court result in regulation, the fair examination of the rights of the sides, otherwise, we will have to cope with a chaotic situation depending on the opportunities of the sides.

As a result of the discussion some judicial protection mechanisms of the women’s rights, the relevance of protective decision, the effect and consequences of the decisions made by the judges were identified.

The guest of the program was Zaruhi Hovhannisyan, the member of “Coalition to Stop Violence against Women”. 10 Oct 2020

The Coalition to Stop Violence against Women (hereafter Coalition), which creation is based on the October 1 incident, the assassination of 20-year-old Zaruhi Petrosyan and which unites 10 organizations operating in the field of women’s rights, set a goal to raise awareness about domestic violence, the existing problems, and call on the state to apply combined mechanisms for preventing cases of domestic violence in Armenia.

One of the important steps is considered as breaking stereotypes in the society, talking about the problem of domestic violence, making it a matter of public concern and, in general, informing the public about sexual, domestic, gender-based violence, because if the society denies the existence of such a problem, then how it can be objective, how a survivor of domestic violence can talk about her case. Consequently, the change in public perception becomes one of the main sectors of the Coalition.

The adoption of the Law on “Prevention of Domestic Violence, Protection of the Victims of Domestic Violence and Restoration of Solidarity in the Family” created levers that enabled to stand by the survivor of domestic violence, to protect her rights and to save from abusive relationships. It takes a long time, including appropriate psychological support, for the survivor to overcome the status of the victim, to get rid of the victim’s psychology, and for the perpetrator to avoid his violent behavior. And only she has the right to choose whether to reunite with her husband or not after the long recovering and have a feeling of being protected.

Speaking about the role of the state due to the Law on domestic violence, Zaruhi Hovhannisyan emphasized, “The State should not make any effort to restore the family or restore solidarity, but should protect victim, prevent violence and restore the survival of her victim’s psychology”. The implementation of these steps leads to the restoration of the family, thus the final decision belongs to the person subjected to domestic violence.

The guest of the program was Gayane Avagyan, Head of the Division of Maternal and Reproductive Health Protection of the Ministry of Health of RA. 25 Sep 2020

The guest of the program was Gayane Avagyan, Head of the Division of Maternal and Reproductive Health Protection of the Ministry of Health of RA.  

During the TV program many questions were discussed such as the activities carried out by the Ministry of Health of RA after the adoption of the Law on “Prevention of Domestic Violence, Protection of the Victims of Domestic Violence and Restoration of Solidarity in the Family”, reforms, cooperation with state and non-state institutions and mechanisms in terms of providing women subjected to domestic violence with health care.

The first aid provided to women survivors of domestic violence, its registration and reporting procedures and other existing mechanisms received a legislative solution after the adoption of the Law. 

It should be noted that the health care system is one of the main links directly connected to the phenomenon of domestic violence. Medical workers play a big role who have to be able to work properly with survivors of domestic violence as if in case of physical violence it is possible to identify the problem and provide aid, then in case of psychological and economic forms of violence they just need to understand the emotional state of women and provide appropriate assistance. 

“Violence still justified by the victims of violence, it must be changed. From pre-school age, in the family, throughout the whole process, continuously, women and men must be inspired that violence is an unacceptable phenomenon in all cases and it must be eliminated”, mentioned G. Avagyan highlighting the mutual disclosure of the problem, but in the absence of which the assignment seems to be transferred to the medical workers.

As a result of the discussion, the functions of the Ministry of Health, performed work, further steps aimed at providing first aid and protection to women subjected to domestic violence were revealed.

 “Women human rights defenders stepping up against gender based violence in Armenia” (2020-2022) project is implemented by the Coalition to Stop Violence against Women with the financial support of the European Union․

This publication was produced with the financial support of the European Union. Its contents are the sole responsibility of Women’s Rights Center NGO and do not necessarily reflect the views of the European Union․

 

 

 

 

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